Much of what we today think of as modern originated in cities. The “Roaring Twenties” and the student movements of 1968 were fundamentally urban phenomena.
Yet precisely for this reason, cities also inspired vitriol and opposition—from nationalist back-to-nature advocates afraid of the negative consequences of their “cosmopolitan nature” to health-care professionals worried by the detrimental effects of the cities on their inhabitants’ health.
Though many of these cities were small, with fewer than 20,000 inhabitants, the European metropoles grew, too.
By 1920 in Germany, for example, 21 percent lived in cities with more than 100,000 inhabitants, up from only five percent in 1871.
On the one hand, students examine the dynamics of modern racism; on the other hand, students explore the contours of African American social, cultural, and intellectual history.
In the middle of the 20th century, only 16 percent of Europeans lived in cities.
Students will be introduced not only to European history but also to the historian’s craft.